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Adam Of Bremen
Adam Of Bremen, (flourished 11th century), German historian whose work on the archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen provides valuable information on German politics under the Salian emperors and is also one of the great books of medieval geography.
Of Franconian origin, he was probably educated at the cathedral school in Bamberg but was introduced in 1066 or 1067 into the cathedral chapter at Bremen by Archbishop Adalbert. In 1069 Adam was head of the Bremen cathedral school.
Adam began his Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum (History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen), comprising four books, after Adalbert’s death (1072). In Book III a candid and vivid description of the archbishop’s personality and activities leads to an account of the German political affairs of the time. Book IV gives a “description of the islands of the north,” and besides dealing with Russia, the countries of the Baltic peoples, Scandinavia, Iceland, and Greenland, Adam makes the earliest known reference to Vinland, that part of North America reached by Leif Eriksson.
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Germanic religion and mythology: Early medieval records
1072, Adam of Bremen compiled his Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum( History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen), which included a description of the lands in the north, then part of the ecclesiastical province of Hamburg. Adam’s work is particularly rich in descriptions of the festivals and sacrifices…
Vinland…cathedral school of Bremen (
seeAdam of Bremen). Adam mentioned Vinland on the authority of King Sweyn II Estridsen of Denmark, who told of Iceland, Greenland, and other lands of the northern Atlantic known to Scandinavians. Adam says of King Sweyn: “He spoke also of yet another island of the…
VinlandVinland, the land of wild grapes in North America that was visited and named by Leif Eriksson about the year 1000 ce. Its exact location is not known, but it was probably the area surrounding the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in what is now eastern Canada. The most detailed information about Viking visits…