Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!
Maximilian Ulysses, Reichsgraf Browne
Maximilian Ulysses, Reichsgraf Browne, (born October 23, 1705, Basel—died June 26, 1757, Prague), field marshal, one of Austria’s ablest commanders during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48) and the Seven Years’ War (1756–63), who nevertheless suffered defeat by Frederick II the Great of Prussia.
A Habsburg subject of Irish ancestry, Browne commanded a small garrison in Silesia when, in 1740, Frederick II invaded and conquered the province. The Austrians retreated into Bohemia after a skillful delaying action. Later, Browne distinguished himself at Piacenza, in Italy (1746). In 1751 Empress Maria Theresa named him commander in chief in Bohemia, where, at the beginning of the Seven Years’ War, he fought Frederick at the indecisive Battle of Lobositz (Oct. 1, 1756). Wounded during the Battle of Prague (May 6, 1757), he died shortly thereafter.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:
ArmyArmy, a large organized force armed and trained for war, especially on land. The term may be applied to a large unit organized for independent action, or it may be applied to a nation’s or ruler’s complete military organization for land warfare. Throughout history, the character and organization of…
GeneralGeneral, title and rank of a senior army officer, usually one who commands units larger than a regiment or its equivalent or units consisting of more than one arm of the service. Frequently, however, a general is a staff officer who does not command troops but who plans their operations in the…
Czech RepublicCzech Republic, country located in central Europe. It comprises the historical provinces of Bohemia and Moravia along with the southern tip of Silesia, collectively often called the Czech Lands. In 2016 the country adopted the name “Czechia” as a shortened, informal name for the Czech Republic.…