Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!
Scots Confession, Latin Confessio Scoticana, first confession of faith of the Scottish Reformed Church, written primarily by John Knox and adopted by the Scottish Parliament in 1560. It was a moderate Calvinist statement of faith in 25 articles, although it stressed the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist more than later Reformed creeds did.
The Second Scots Confession, also called the King’s Confession and the National Covenant (1581), was a supplement to the First Scots Confession. It was a strongly antipapal statement adopted by the king, council, and court and by all the Scottish people in 1581. It was also made a part of the National Covenant of 1638. The Scots Confession was superseded by the Westminster Confession in 1647.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:
John Knox: Recall to ScotlandThe Scots Confession (hurriedly prepared by Knox and three others) was adopted, and papal jurisdiction was abolished.…
John Knox, foremost leader of the Scottish Reformation, who set the austere moral tone of the Church of Scotland and shaped the democratic form of government it adopted. He was influenced by George Wishart, who was burned for…
CalvinismCalvinism , the theology advanced by John Calvin, a Protestant reformer in the 16th century, and its development by his followers. The term also refers to doctrines and practices derived from the works of Calvin and his followers that are characteristic of the Reformed churches. While Lutheranism…